Over Temperature Effects of Gm_critical | A Technical Review

The emergence of the IoT has accelerated the trend towards lower power consumption on many MCU and RF chipsets, pressuring IC designers to wring out every bit of energy savings in their circuits. The consequence, pertaining to the clocking scheme, is usually a weaker oscillator loop amplifier starved of transconductance (gm). The reduced power consumption has the potential to severely affect analog circuits, such as the Pierce oscillator.

The Pierce oscillator driving quartz crystals is one of the most common circuits in the electronics industry. Present in almost every microcontroller, RF chipsets, and many other IC’s, this circuit is the true workhorse of timing in almost every device developed today. As most design engineers employ negative resistance analysis to assess closed-loop dynamics, some may ignore another very significant metric – gm_critical.

As the name implies, gm_critical can be defined as the level of critical value of closed-loop transconductance mandatory to keep the amplifier in linear region, while maintaining sufficient forward gain at the desired phase shift of (n*2π). The closed-loop overall gain margin (GM) is mathematically represented as:

GM = gm / gm_critical ………. (1)

Whereas; gm = oscillator loop amplifier’s intrinsic transconductance (µA/V, or mA/V)
gm_critical = closed-loop transconductance needed to keep the amplifier in linear region with sufficient forward gain at the desired phase shift (µA/V, or mA/V)

It is a well-established industry figure of merit to target GM > 5, with minimum value of 3. With the reduction in the intrinsic gm value, it is paramount to simultaneously reduce the gm_critical needed for sustained oscillations.

It should be noted that gm_critical has significant dependence on the external resonator’s electrical characteristics at the desired resonant frequency and is outlined in equation (2).

gm_critical = 4 * ESR * (2πF)2 * (C0 + CL)2 ………… (2)

From equation (2) it is evident that any significant reduction in gm must be counter-balanced with a reduction in gm_critical to ensure that the closed-loop overall margin (GM) remains the same. For instance, consider the following example:

gm = 2.7 µA/V; GM = 5; then gm_critical = 0.54 µA/V maximum
Now, if the gm is reduced to 1.0 µA/V, to keep GM = 5; the gm_critical = 0.20 µA/V maximum

In equation (2) the three critical parameters that determine the feasibility of this counter-balance are the ESR, C0 and CL of the Quartz Crystal. To achieve lower gm_critical, all three of these parameters must be simultaneously reduced to ensure proper overall gain margin (GM), while the oscillator amplifier’s transconductance gm is lowered.

As the power optimized silicon expands its domination of the electronic industry, reducing the intrinsic gm, the gm_critical metric is the most important criteria to ensure robust oscillator loop performance.

Abracon’s family of newly released Performance Optimized IoT Crystals have been engineered to specifically address the falling transconductance values across the industry and are compatible with industry’s lowest gm_critical designs. The ABM8W/ABM10W/ABM11W/ABM12W MHz series are guaranteed to operate with gm_critical as low as 3.55mA/V for 50MHz operation. The ABS06W/ABS07W 32.768kHz Tuning Fork Crystals are guaranteed to operate with industry lowest gm_critical value of 0.276µA/V @ 25°C in 2.0×1.2×0.6mm and 0.191µA/V @ 25°C in 3.2×1.5×0.9mm packages.

Plots A and B represent over extended temperature oscillation sustainability matrix of these state-of-the art 32.768kHz solutions ideally suited for energy saving RTC applications.

As transconductance (gm) of most Pierce oscillators dive to unprecedented low levels, quartz crystals have to adapt to maintain sustainable oscillations. Abracon has embraced and overcome this challenge by designing and producing, lower plating load capacitance (CL) and lower equivalent series resistance (ESR) Crystals, while simultaneously lowering the (electrode package) capacitance C0.

Meeting the lowest gm_critical requirements demanded by energy saving MCUs and RF chipsets means guaranteed low CL, ESR and C0. Abracon’s specialized design and processing techniques address this paradigm shift and brings both MHz and kHz Performance Optimized Quartz Crystals to the market. Uniquely engineered for the IoT/Wearable/Consumer Electronics market, these crystals are ready for the future of lower power engineering.

Luscombe Rocky Mountain announced new Abracon Manufacturer’s Representative in Colorado, Utah, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming

Austin, TX – Abracon, LLC (Abracon), a leading global manufacturer of passive & electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity, and RF solutions, announces Luscombe Rocky Mountain as the new manufacturer’s representative with coverage in Colorado, Utah, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.

Luscombe RM has been delivering hardware solutions to the Rockies for over 30 years, offering a focused supplier base, industry expertise, and a customer centric approach. Their addition to our team extends valuable guidance with technical acumen to our mutual customers in the region.

“Luscombe RM shares many common values with Abracon,” said Joan Lanoux, North Central Regional Sales Manager with Abracon. “These include a legacy of exceptional technical knowledge, diligence in providing quality solutions, and vast sales experience. I appreciate the genuine enthusiasm they have towards finding the best technical solutions for their customers.”

This partnership assures optimal in-territory support for existing and new customers, accelerating their time to market using Abracon’s broad product solutions and leading edge technologies.

“Luscombe Rocky Mountain is excited to begin our new partnership with Abracon. We look forward to engaging and supporting our customers with Abracon’s IoT optimized portfolio” said Bryan Fluegel, Partner at Luscombe Rocky Mountain.

About Abracon, LLC
Founded in 1992, and headquartered in Spicewood, Texas, Abracon is a leading global manufacturer of passive and electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF solutions. Abracon offers a wide selection of quartz timing crystals and oscillators, MEMS oscillators, real time clocks (RTC), Bluetooth modules, ceramic resonators, SAW filters and resonators, power and RF inductors, transformers, circuit protection components and RF antennas and wireless charging coils. The company is ISO9001-2008 certified with design & application engineering resources in Texas and sales offices in Texas, California, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Scotland, Israel, Hungary, UK, and Germany. Abracon’s products are offered through its global distribution network. For more information about Abracon, visit www.abracon.com.

Abracon announces new IoT optimized quartz crystal series with the lowest CL and lowest ESR available on the market

Austin, TX – Abracon, LLC (Abracon), the Heartbeat of the IoT™, announces the ABM8W, ABM10W, ABM11W, ABM12W, ABS07W, ABS06W series; the industry’s leading family of quartz crystals. This series combines the world’s lowest CL and lowest ESR available for energy saving processors, MCUs, RF chipsets, and real time clocks required for the Internet of Things (IoT), wearables, and low power portable applications.

The launch of the ABMxW and ABSxW series results in the industry’s most comprehensive family of crystals, addressing the leap to lower power. Oscillators within next generation energy saving MCUs and chipsets are failing to drive traditional crystals with higher CL and ESR. Reducing the load capacitance to a new industry level of 4pF for MHz crystals and 3pF for tuning fork crystals, while, simultaneously providing guaranteed low ESR enables operation with design margin for many chipsets starved of gain and reduced transconductance (gm). These optimized crystals ensure the crystal oscillator design retains enough margin to operate over temperature and across all process and voltage corners.

For detailed explanation of gain margin, gm, and gm_critical interdependence, review: IoT, Wearables, and Low Power: Performance Optimized Quartz Crystals

“gm (amplifier transconductance) is a critical parameter that determines your oscillator loop’s design margin,” says Syed Raza. “To minimize total power consumption, techniques employed in the latest SoC/µC/µP/RFIC/FPGA’s reduce the value of gm within the oscillator loop. To maintain the original design margin as gm drops, crystals must meet a lower gm_critical metric. Abracon’s performance optimized IoT crystals achieve exactly that, by simultaneously reducing plating load, ESR, and electrode capacitance of these devices. After all, lower power consumption should not be achieved at the expense of long term reliability or design risk.”

“The IoT, wearables, and portable markets demand the power savings achieved with next generation ICs. Those ICs directly benefit from this industry leading series of low CL crystals,” commented Juan Conchas, Director of Marketing for Abracon.

The ABMxW and ABSxW series are offered in a variety of package, stability and tolerance options down to +/-10ppm. A comprehensive offering overall operating temperatures up to -40℃ to 125℃ makes these crystals suitable for both consumer and industrial designs.

View their respective datasheets here: ABM8W, ABM10W, ABM11W, ABM12W, ABS07W and ABS06W

iot-quartz-crystals-abracon
IoT Quartz Crystals Product Availability

About Abracon, LLC
Founded in 1992, and headquartered in Spicewood, Texas, Abracon is a leading global manufacturer of passive and electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF solutions. Abracon offers a wide selection of quartz timing crystals and oscillators, MEMS oscillators, real time clocks (RTC), Bluetooth modules, ceramic resonators, SAW filters and resonators, power and RF inductors, transformers, circuit protection components and RF antennas and wireless charging coils. The company is ISO9001-2008 certified with design & application engineering resources in Texas and sales offices in Texas, California, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Scotland, Israel, Hungary, UK, and Germany. Abracon’s products are offered through its global distribution network. For more information about Abracon, visit www.abracon.com.

Choose the right quartz crystal for your energy saving MCU with THIS simple test

Next generation MCUs and RF chipsets, commonly used in IoT, wearable, and battery powered applications, have presented a problem frequently ignored by many designers across all industries. Lower power consumption requires next generation crystals to optimize for a weaker gain and drive from the Pierce analyzer. The ability to sustain oscillation for a given quartz crystal oscillator design depends heavily on the crystal’s motional parameters, board parasitics, and oscillator circuit characteristics. Yet, as MCUs are upgraded to lower power models, their crystal counterparts have stayed the same. The Pierce oscillator circuit, a closed loop system most commonly integrated into low power ICs, sustains oscillation at an operating point, depending on the crystal plating capacitance (CL), crystal equivalent series resistance (ESR), and oscillator amplifier’s gain and phase response associated with the oscillator’s transconductance (gm). But, how do you know if your crystal’s parameters match your system?

Abracon’s Pierce analyzer system (PAS) was designed by our engineers to help you make the right choice for your industry leading designs. The PAS test validates quartz crystal performance in-circuit and simultaneously measures the crystal, crystal oscillator, and printed circuit board parasitics. Testing in-system accounts for all variables and enables ideal matching of crystal parameters to the board and oscillator in the MCU or RF chipset. This is especially critical for applications using next generation, energy saving technologies requiring optimal gm factors.

Lower CL and lower ESR increase operating gain margin of the loop, ensuring sustained oscillations across all variables including variation in bias, loading, temperature, and over time. Gm_critical is the critical transconductance value that a crystal must achieve in order to remain in the safe zone of loop operation. Crystals that do not meet gm_critical are not well matched to the Pierce oscillator and may cause long term reliability issues associated with startup. Since lower power consumption decreases gm and gm_crictical for a given Pierce oscillator, energy saving designs deployed in IoT and wearables applications are the most at risk of failure. Conducting a PAS test reduces risk and improves the reliability of your system.

“Semiconductor technology strives to wring all the power consumption out of the latest generation of MCUs and RF chipsets,” commented Syed Raza, VP of Engineering with Abracon “the on-chip Pierce oscillator is starved of much needed gain negatively impacting the gm_critical metric. The PAS test is the surest way to diagnose preventable problems.”

“As The Heartbeat of the IoT™, we strive to provide customers with as many tools and services as possible that will take their designs to the next low power plateau. The PAS test service enables validation of a critical subsystem in the design given that nothing will operate if the oscillator fails to run.” commented Juan Conchas, Director of Marketing with Abracon.

The service provides a comprehensive report outlining the functional parameters of the oscillator circuit and recommends changes when necessary. This service is conducted by Abracon and can be ordered through any franchised distributor, with multiple turn-around times from 2-weeks to 4-weeks.

Learn more about the Pierce Oscillator here.
Find more information on the PAS test, here.

Check inventory for the PAS here: PAS-BC1WK/ PAS-BC2WK/ PAS-BC3WK

About Abracon, LLC
Founded in 1992, and headquartered in Spicewood, Texas, Abracon is a leading global manufacturer of passive and electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF solutions. Abracon offers a wide selection of quartz timing crystals and oscillators, MEMS oscillators, real time clocks (RTC), Bluetooth modules, ceramic resonators, SAW filters and resonators, power and RF inductors, transformers, circuit protection components and RF antennas and wireless charging coils. The company is ISO9001-2008 certified with design & application engineering resources in Texas and sales offices in Texas, California, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Scotland, Israel, Hungary, UK, and Germany. Abracon’s products are offered through its global distribution network. For more information about Abracon, visit www.abracon.com.

Abracon LLC celebrates 25 years of business

Austin, TX – Abracon, LLC (Abracon), a leading global manufacturer of passive & electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF solutions, celebrated it’s 25th anniversary this past week. What once started as an idea in a Southern California garage has transformed into a life-long mission of quality, customer service, and groundbreaking achievements. Abracon, a company steeped in innovation, recently celebrated 25 years in business this past Saturday. It was a time to recollect humble beginnings and reflect on the past with a clear focus for the future; a future of continued growth for this leading global manufacturer.

Mike White, VP of Sales, stated “We’ve built an extremely solid foundation for our company assembling the best team of sales leaders, reps and channel partners in the industry. Coupled with our excellent internal support staff, this team will continue to achieve new levels of success. I’m honored to be associated with such a great group of people.”

One level of success is the fact that Abracon is growing exponentially. With an active customer base of over 25,000, Abracon continues to reach new heights of service and sales. Recently the Abracon office located in Irvine, California moved to Laguna Hills, California. Also, two facilities doubled in size; the office located in China and the Austin, Texas headquarters. These recent additions will assist in maintaining the highest quality of technical support that Abracon’s customers have come to know.

With no signs of slowing down, Abracon continues to impress the industry where they rank among the highest standard of quality. Abracon’s mission will never be complete. There are always new questions to be asked, new challenges to be accomplished, and new ideas to be thought. Here’s to 25 years. Here’s to the constant pursuit of the power of linking together.

About Abracon, LLC
Founded in 1992, and headquartered in Spicewood, Texas, Abracon is a leading global manufacturer of passive and electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF solutions. Abracon offers a wide selection of quartz timing crystals and oscillators, MEMS oscillators, real time clocks (RTC), Bluetooth modules, ceramic resonators, SAW filters and resonators, power and RF inductors, transformers, circuit protection components and RF antennas and wireless charging coils. The company is ISO9001-2008 certified with design & application engineering resources in Texas and sales offices in Texas, California, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Scotland, Israel, Hungary, UK, and Germany. Abracon’s products are offered through its global distribution network. For more information about Abracon, visit www.abracon.com.

Abracon Announces the ultimate Ethernet LAN PHY Guide

Austin, TX – Abracon, LLC (Abracon), a leading global manufacturer of passive & electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF solutions, announces availability of the Ethernet LAN PHY Guide matching some of the industry’s more popular Ethernet physical layer IC’s with Abracon’s best choice of local area networking (LAN) magnetics in the ALAN series of products. The PHY Guide features LAN magnetics with standard, PoE and PoE+ capabilities, matching them to the industries top ICs from manufacturers such as Broadcom, Inphi Corporation, NXP, Infineon, Marvell, Maxim, Microchip, Qualcomm, Realtek and Texas Instruments.

“Hardware designers can rely on Abracon’s PHY Guide to select the optimal LAN magnetics,” says Juan Conchas, Director of Marketing. “Ethernet has one of the most important and widely used connectivity standards. With a wide range of products available from Abracon, this guide is exactly what engineers need to make the right decision.”

The Abracon Ethernet LAN PHY Guide is available now at:

www.abracon.com/phyguide.pdf

ALAN series products are available through Abracon’s global distribution network.

The RJ45 Solutions Guide for use in standard and industrial applications can be found here:

http://www.abracon.com/Support/industrial-rj45-solutions-guide.pdf

About Abracon, LLC
Founded in 1992, and headquartered in Spicewood, Texas, Abracon is a leading global manufacturer of passive and electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF solutions. Abracon offers a wide selection of quartz timing crystals and oscillators, MEMS oscillators, real time clocks (RTC), Bluetooth modules, ceramic resonators, SAW filters and resonators, power and RF inductors, transformers, circuit protection components and RF antennas and wireless charging coils. The company is ISO9001-2008 certified with design & application engineering resources in Texas and sales offices in Texas, California, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Scotland, Israel, Hungary, UK, and Germany. Abracon’s products are offered through its global distribution network. For more information about Abracon, visit www.abracon.com.

Abracon and TTI Inc Announce Asia Partnership

Austin, TX – Abracon, LLC (Abracon), a leading global manufacturer of passive & electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF solutions, announces Asia partnership with TTI, Inc., the leading authorized distributor of interconnect, passive, electromechanical and discrete components. The Asia partnership is an extension of TTI and Abracon’s existing global distribution agreement which was announced by both companies in April 2017.

Michael Calabria, Abracon’s CEO said, “With mutual focus on IP&E and discrete components, the two companies are leaders in the industry and a natural fit. As many users of electronics components rely on the supply chain and go-to-market benefits provided by distributors, Abracon is excited to partner with TTI to support its highly valued customers.”

Anthony Chan, President of TTI Asia Pacific, commented on the addition of Abracon to TTI Asia’s specialized line card, “I am pleased to welcome Abracon to be a TTI business partner in Asia. Abracon offers a wide selection of latest technologies in frequency control, timing and synchronization. I am confident that our partnership in Asia will create additional value to our customers.”

About TTI
TTI, Inc. a Berkshire Hathaway company, is an authorized, specialty distributor of interconnect, passive and electromechanical (IP&E) components and the distributor of choice for industrial and consumer electronics manufacturers worldwide. Broader and deeper inventory, leading-edge products and custom supply chain solutions have established TTI as the leading specialist in electronic component distribution. Globally, the company maintains 1.2 million cubic feet of dedicated warehouse space containing over 850,000 component part numbers. Along with its subsidiaries, Mouser Electronics and Sager Electronics, TTI employs more than 4,700 employees and is represented in over 100 locations throughout North America, Europe and Asia. For more information about TTI, visit www.ttiinc.com.

About Abracon, LLC
Founded in 1992, and headquartered in Spicewood, Texas, Abracon is a leading global manufacturer of passive and electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF solutions. Abracon offers a wide selection of quartz timing crystals and oscillators, MEMS oscillators, real time clocks (RTC), Bluetooth modules, ceramic resonators, SAW filters and resonators, power and RF inductors, transformers, circuit protection components and RF antennas and wireless charging coils. The company is ISO9001-2008 certified with design & application engineering resources in Texas and sales offices in Texas, California, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Scotland, Israel, Hungary, UK, and Germany. Abracon’s products are offered through its global distribution network. For more information about Abracon, visit www.abracon.com.

Carlos Suarez announced as Abracon Latin America RSM to support explosive regional growth

AUSTIN, TX (July 11, 2017) Abracon, LLC (Abracon), a leading global manufacturer of frequency control, signal conditioning, clock distribution and magnetic components, announces Carlos Suarez as Regional Sales Manager for Mexico, Central and South America. With explosive growth in original product design activity and expansion in production capacity within the Latin America (LATAM), this new role addresses the support requirements of multiple growing industry sectors in the territory.

As a respected sales leader in the marketplace, Carlos will be driving performance across LATAM, along with our reps and channel partners, to accelerate growth across the region. Currently, Pan America serves as the Abracon representative for ‘greater’ Mexico. This is a necessary step in Abracon’s growth plan with additional resources being explored to further service Central and South America.

“Carlos Suarez is exactly what Abracon needs to drive the growth and success of our product line throughout Latin America, ensuring our valued customers meet their go-to-market and production needs,” adds Mike White, VP Global Sales with Abracon. “He has the tenacity and dedication to provide our customers with industry leading solutions and technology available through our team.”

Carlos graduated from Universidad de Guadalajara in 1995 with Bachelor of Science in Industrial Engineering and received his Executive International MBA from the Moore School of Business, University of South Carolina – ITESM, Guadalajara Campus in 2007.

About Abracon, LLC
Founded in 1992, and headquartered in Spicewood, Texas, Abracon is a leading global manufacturer of passive and electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF solutions. Abracon offers a wide selection of quartz timing crystals and oscillators, MEMS oscillators, real time clocks (RTC), Bluetooth modules, ceramic resonators, SAW filters and resonators, power and RF inductors, transformers, circuit protection components and RF antennas and wireless charging coils. The company is ISO9001-2008 certified with design & application engineering resources in Texas and sales offices in Texas, California, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Scotland, Israel, Hungary, UK, and Germany. Abracon’s products are offered through its global distribution network.

High Speed and Industrial Grade RJ45 Solutions Guide Released by Abracon

Austin, TX – Abracon, LLC (Abracon), a leading global manufacturer of passive & electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF solutions announces the RJ45 Jacks Solutions Guide intended to highlight the company’s broad offering or RJ45 modular jacks with integrated magnetics and other LAN magnetics products. Applications such as industrial controls, network interface cards, media converters, test equipment, instrumentation, medical monitoring, machine vision, IP cameras, IoT and cloud computing and storage benefit from this product family offering a variety of solutions that support rates from 10/100Base-T up to 10GBase-T for devices requiring the high data rates.

The industry is shifting toward surface mount assembly. Offering a selection of paste in hole (PIH) and fully surface mountable options, the products solve manufacturability challenges faced by hardware designers that have almost entirely migrated away from legacy through-hole components. Paired with support for power over Ethernet (PoE, PoE+ and PoE++), the RJ45 product family delivers the features that advanced applications require.

High Speed and Industrial Grade RJ45 Solutions Guide Available Now

“With double-digit growth in industrial Ethernet as well as increased requirement for bandwidth in almost every application,” says Juan Conchas, Director of Marketing with Abracon,”more of today’s devices require wireline connectivity enabled by RJ45 jacks. Abracon’s offering provides simplified solutions with integrated magnetics as well as compatibility with surface mount reflow obtained with PIH and SMD technologies.”

Find the High Speed and Industrial Grade RJ45 solutions guide here: http://abracon.com/Support/industrial-rj45-solutions-guide.pdf

About Abracon, LLC
Founded in 1992, and headquartered in Spicewood, Texas, Abracon is a leading global manufacturer of passive and electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF solutions. Abracon offers a wide selection of quartz timing crystals and oscillators, MEMS oscillators, real time clocks (RTC), Bluetooth modules, ceramic resonators, SAW filters and resonators, power and RF inductors, transformers, circuit protection components and RF antennas and wireless charging coils. The company is ISO9001-2008 certified with design & application engineering resources in Texas and sales offices in Texas, California, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Scotland, Israel, Hungary, UK, and Germany. Abracon’s products are offered through its global distribution network.

Abracon announces new rep, TAI Technical Sales, for East Pennsylvania, South Jersey, and Delaware Market

Austin, TX – Abracon, LLC (Abracon), a leading global manufacturer of passive & electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF components announces TAI Technical Sales as the new manufacturer’s representatives serving South Jersey, Eastern Pennsylvania, and Delaware. TAI brings over 100 years of sales experience to our team with strong channel growth objectives and customer centric values.

“TAI’s mission is to offer a market advantage to our customers along with the resources they need to succeed with their designs. Partnering with Abracon perfectly aligns with this mission and provides our customers with a unique advantage, offering fast engineering support and deep industry knowledge for end market solutions. Innovative design engineers will find solutions faster and easier with the availability of Abracon products in East Pennsylvania, South Jersey, and Delaware” commented Steve Buroojy, partner at TAI Technical Sales.

TAI is a quality extension of Abracon’s core capabilities and services in the East Pennsylvania and South Jersey markets. With TAI, our customers can leverage leading knowledge and services to design-in high quality Abracon solutions.

“Between the two current partners, Steve Buroojy and Scott Bibus, and TAI members, Jim Heffernan and Joe Bierman, TAI brings over 100 years of experience to the table. Their vision for growth, channel strategy, and customer value proposition complements Abracon’s mission to provide exceptional support to our growing community of engineers. TAI is the perfect partner for Abracon in the Philadelphia territory” commented Steve Anderson, Northeast Regional Sales Manager, Abracon.

About Abracon, LLC
Founded in 1992, and headquartered in Spicewood, Texas, Abracon is a leading global manufacturer of passive and electromechanical timing, synchronization, power, connectivity and RF solutions. Abracon offers a wide selection of quartz timing crystals and oscillators, MEMS oscillators, real time clocks (RTC), Bluetooth modules, ceramic resonators, SAW filters and resonators, power and RF inductors, transformers, circuit protection components and RF antennas and wireless charging coils. The company is ISO9001-2008 certified with design & application engineering resources in Texas and sales offices in Texas, California, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Scotland, Israel, Hungary, UK, and Germany. Abracon’s products are offered through its global distribution network.